What is a firewall?
A firewall helps make your computer invisible to online attackers and blocks some malicious software such as viruses, worms, and trojans. A firewall can also help prevent software on your computer from accessing the Internet to accept updates and modification without your permission.
Firewalls come in both software and hardware form, but hardware firewalls are intended for use in addition to a software firewall.
Windows Vista and Windows XP both include a firewall. To learn more, read Understanding Windows Firewall.
It is important to have both a firewall and antivirus software turned on before you connect to the Internet. Read more about firewalls.
What is antivirus software?
Antivirus software helps protect your computer against specific viruses and related malicious software, such as worms and trojans. Antivirus software must be kept up to date. Updates are generally available through a subscription from your antivirus vendor.
It is important to have both antivirus software and a firewall turned on before you connect to the Internet. Read more about viruses.
Do I need both a firewall and antivirus software?
Yes. A firewall helps stop hackers and viruses before they reach your computer, while antivirus software helps get rid of known viruses if they manage to bypass the firewall or if they've already infected your computer.
One way viruses get past a firewall is when you ignore its warning messages when you download software from the Internet or e-mail.
What is antispyware software?
Antispyware software helps detect and remove spyware from your computer. "Spyware" (also known as "adware") generally refers to software that is designed to monitor your activities on your computer.
Spyware can produce unwanted pop-up advertising, collect personal information about you, or change the configuration of your computer to the spyware designer's specifications. At its worst, spyware can enable criminals to disable your computer and steal your identity.
Antispyware software is an important tool to help you keep your computer running properly and free from intrusion.
What is a spam filter?
Spam filters (sometimes broadly referred to as "e-mail filters") evaluate incoming e-mail messages to determine if they contain elements that are commonly associated with unwanted or dangerous bulk mailing.
If the filter determines that an e-mail message is suspicious, the message usually goes to a designated folder, and links and other code in it are disabled. Then you can evaluate the message more safely at your convenience.
What is a phishing filter?
A phishing filter is usually a component of a Web browser or Internet toolbar. It evaluates Web sites for signs that they are connected with phishing scams.
Phishing scams use e-mail and Web sites that look identical to those that belong to legitimate sources (such as financial or government institutions) but are actually hoaxes. If you click links in the e-mail or enter your user name, password, and other data into these Web sites, it gives scammers information they can use to defraud you or to steal your identity.
The Microsoft Phishing Filter is available today in Windows Internet Explorer 7 for Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2), and in Windows Vista. To learn more, see Phishing Filter: Help protect yourself from online scams.
Read more about the signs of phishing scams in Recognize phishing scams and fraudulent e-mail.
Where is the Information Technology Department (I.T. Dept) located?
I.T. Dept is located at 601 Vestal Parkway West, Vestal, New York 13850. Click Here for link
What is a Virus?
A virus is a manmade program or piece of code that causes an unexpected, usually negative, event. Viruses are often disguised games or images with clever marketing titles such as "Me, nude."
What is a Worm?
Computer Worms are viruses that reside in the active memory of a computer and duplicate themselves. They may send copies of themselves to other computers, such as through email or Internet Relay Chat (IRC).
What is a Trojan Horse?
A Trojan horse program is a malicious program that pretends to be a benign application; a Trojan horse program purposefully does something the user does not expect. Trojans are not viruses since they do not replicate, but Trojan horse programs can be just as destructive.
Many people use the term to refer only to non-replicating malicious programs, thus making a distinction between Trojans and viruses.